How to create an image caption (guide and examples)
Example for an image from the web
Fig 1. Allee im Park vor Schloss Kammer. Gustav Klimt. 1912. Digitales Belvedere [online]. Vienna: Austria. [cited 10 Jan. 2013]. Available from World Wide Web: (http://digital.belvedere.at/emuseum/).
Source: ArtSTOR Help>Citing
Online Citation Helpers
Kindle, iPad & such
Until the style manuals catch up with technology here's what we recommend. For online and other electronic books follow the guidelines for print books with the addition of information regarding the format. Some readers provide location information that you can use instead of page numbers.
Instead of publisher information include the DOI if available or the source of the book download.
Davenport, B. (2007). Myth and fact [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
Davenport, B. (2007). Myth and fact [Adobe Digital Editions Version].
MLA Style (right-hand side under "other online sources")
Turabian Style (scroll down)
Formula for guessing the page number
You can also use the "search inside" feature provided by Amazon but dealing with page numbers is currently not practical with these applications.
For in-text citations add whatever location information is available such as chapter or location (if stable).
(Davenport, 2007, Chapter 2:1, locations, 59-63).
(Wallis, 2005, Chapter 5, Section 3, para. 7).
What are DOIs
Instead of long URL's, citation styles such as APA now use DOI's or Digital Object Identifiers. They provide a stable place to retrieve documents.
- When a DOI number is available use this format in references: doi:XXXXXXX
- Go to a document by adding the DOI number at the end of http://dx.doi.org/